Searching for: "Immanuel Kant"

  • Immanuel Kant

    Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) ist bis heute einer der bedeutendsten Philosophen. Die 'Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten' ist eine der wichtigsten Schriften Immanuel Kants. Sie wurde zum ersten Mal im Jahre 1785 gedruckt. Zahlreiche Nachdrucke belegen ihre Aktualität bis in die heutige Zeit. Hier stellt Kant eine wesentliche Regel für sittliches Handeln vor, den kategorischen Imperativ: „Handle nur nach derjenigen Maxime, durch die du zugleich wollen kannst, dass sie ein allgemeines Gesetz werde.“ Diese Regel entwickelt Kant nicht aus den menschlichen Erfahrungen, sondern aus der reinen Vernunft. Sie gilt für alle vernünftigen Wesen, nicht nur für Menschen. Die Folgen seiner...read more

  • Immanuel Kant

    These works articulate the most fundamental principles of Kant's ethical and political worldview. What Is Enlightenment? (1784) and Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785) were written in the period between the American Revolution and the French Revolution. Taken together, they challenge all free people to think about the requirements for self-determination both in our individual lives and in our public and private institutions. Kant's Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals is dedicated to the proposition that all people can know what we need to know to be honest, good, wise, and virtuous. The purpose of Kant's moral philosophy is to help us become aware...read more

  • Immanuel Kant

    These works articulate the most fundamental principles of Kant’s ethical and political world-view. 'What is Enlightenment?' (1784) and 'Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals' (1785) challenge all free people to think about the requirements for self-determination both in our individual lives and in our public and private institutions. Kant’s 'Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals' is dedicated to the proposition that all people can know what they need to know to be honest, good, wise, and virtuous. The purpose of Kant’s moral philosophy is to help us become aware of the principles that are already contained within us. Innocence and dependence must be...read more

  • Immanuel Kant

    Immanuel Kant's Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals, first published in 1785, lays out Kant's essential philosophy and defines the concepts and arguments that would shape his later work. Central to Kant's doctrine is the categorical imperative, which he defines as a mandate that human actions should always conform to a universal, unchanging standard of rational morality. Directly opposed to utilitarian philosophy, Kant's theories have been broadly influential since their publication and stand as a seminal contribution to ethical thought. Although Kant expanded upon the ideas defined here in his later work, including the Critique of Pure Reason and the Metaphysics of Morals,...read more

  • Immanuel Kant

    The Critique of Practical Reason (Kritik der praktischen Vernunft) is the second of Immanuel Kant's three critiques, first published in 1788. It follows on from his Critique of Pure Reason and deals with his moral philosophy. The second Critique exercised a decisive influence over the subsequent development of the field of ethics and moral philosophy, becoming the principle reference point for ethical systems that focus on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, as opposed to the rightness or wrongness of the consequences of those actions. Subsequently termed "deontological ethics", Kant's ethical system also laid the groundwork of moral absolutism, the belief that there are...read more

  • Immanuel Kant

    The Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals, also known as The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals or Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals or Grounding of the Metaphysics of Morals, is Immanuel Kant's first contribution to moral philosophy. It argues for an a priori basis for morality. Where the Critique of Pure Reason laid out Kant's metaphysical and epistemological ideas, this relatively short, primarily meta-ethical, work was intended to outline and define the concepts and arguments shaping his future work The Metaphysics of Morals. However, the latter work is much less readable than the Fundamental Principles. (Summary from...read more

  • Immanuel Kant

    Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) ist bis heute einer bedeutendsten Philosophen. Eine seiner bekanntesten Schriften ist, neben den großen Kritiken, sein spätes Werk 'Zum ewigen Frieden. Ein philosophischer Entwurf' (1795). Zu den vielfältigen Punkten, die in diesem philosophischen Essay in Gestalt eines Staatsvertrags behandelt werden, darin enthalten ein geheimer Artikel und ein umfangreicher Anhang, gehört nicht nur die Frage, wie Staaten untereinander dauerhaft Frieden sichern können oder was das Recht des gemeinschaftlichen Besitzes der Oberfläche der Erde als Kugelfläche bedeutet, sondern auch das Problem, warum die Republik der Demokratie oder der Aristokratie vorzuziehen sei. Die...read more

  • Immanuel Kant

    In der Abhandlung „Zum ewigen Frieden” wendet Kant die Grundsätze seiner Moralphilosophie auf die Beziehungen zwischen Staaten an. Er stellt klar, dass Frieden kein natürlicher Zustand sei und deshalb gestiftet werden müsse. Um das Ziel „Weltfrieden“ zu verwirklichen, müssten sich die Staaten einem allgemein verbindlichen Völkerrecht unterordnen. In seinen Bestimmungen und Erläuterungen nimmt Kant zahlreiche Entwicklungen hin zum modernen Völkerrecht vorweg. In his essay “Perpetual Peace”, Kant applies the principles of his moral philosophy to the relations between nations. He points out that peace is not a natural state and therefore must be instituted through human...read more

  • Immanuel Kant

    This tripartite essay – published variously as “On the Popular Judgment” (J. Richardson trans.), “On the Old Saw” (E.B. Ashton trans.), or “On the Common Saying” (both M.J. Gregor and H.B. Nisbet) – Kant takes up the issue of the relation of theory to practice in three distinct ways. In the first, he replies to Christian Garve’s criticism of his moral theory, in the second, he distances himself from Thomas Hobbes, and in the third, Moses Mendelssohn. The three taken together are representative of the breadth of Kant’s moral and political thought; the first section being concerned with the individual, the second with the state, and the third with the species. Although...read more

  • Immanuel Kant

    This essay, written in 1795, puts forth a plan for a lasting peace between nations and peoples. Kant puts forth necessary means to any peace, and argues that nations can be brought into federation with one another without loss of sovereignty. In one translation, telling of the historical impact of this essay, this federation is called a “league of nations.” The supplements and appendices are of considerable interest on their own. The supplements contain an argument regarding the use which nature makes of war, and the way in which nature, in the end, impels us towards peace. The appendices return to the question of whether his theory is mere theory, or whether it bears translation into...read more

  • Immanuel Kant

    This essay, written in 1795, puts forth a plan for a lasting peace between nations and peoples. Kant puts forth necessary means to any peace, and argues that nations can be brought into federation with one another without loss of sovereignty. In one translation, telling of the historical impact of this essay, this federation is called a “league of nations.” The supplements and appendices are of considerable interest on their own. The supplements contain an argument regarding the use which nature makes of war, and the way in which nature, in the end, impels us towards peace. The appendices return to the question of whether his theory is mere theory, or whether it bears translation into...read more

  • Immanuel Kant

    In the modern era, we take the concept of Enlightenment for granted. The concepts of personal freedom, liberty and the ability to think for one-self have become a personal choice and fundamental to our everyday lives. Yet in 1784, when the essay was written, the concept of Enlightenment was an emerging idea and still a vague notion to most people. What is important for the modern listener in this essay is how Kant outlines those things that discourage enlightenment as well as those things that can enhance it on a personal and social level. The WIKIPEDIA link below provides a more detailed analysis of the essay, although the listener will appreciate how many of the issues defined by Kant are...read more

  • Immanuel Kant

    The Critique of Pure Reason, first published in 1781 with a second edition in 1787, has been called the most influential and important philosophical text of the modern age. Kant saw the Critique of Pure Reason as an attempt to bridge the gap between rationalism (there are significant ways in which our concepts and knowledge are gained independently of sense experience) and empiricism (sense experience is the ultimate source of all our concepts and knowledge) and, in particular, to counter the radical empiricism of David Hume (our beliefs are purely the result of accumulated habits, developed in response to accumulated sense experiences). Using the methods of science, Kant demonstrates that...read more

  • Immanuel Kant

    This essay of Kant's on copyright argues that the unlicensed copying of books cannot possibly be permissible, due to the fact that it assumes a consent on the part of the author which it is logically impossible for the author to give. The argument is dependent upon an assumption that the writings be commodified, for the reason why the author is unable to possibly give consent to multiple publishers is due to the author's will - to communicate with the public - necessitating the profitability of the publisher, for, it is assumed, there is no way to communicate with the public at large without a great expense which can only be borne by a publishing firm. This is, of course, no longer a...read more

  • Immanuel Kant

    This is a completely unabridged edition of Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. You may also know this work as 'Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals,' 'Grounding of the Metaphysics of Morals' or 'The Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals.' Our rendition of this Classic has crisp, well-edited audio. We handcraft our sound to create the perfect listening experience. We only work with the most talented of narrators. If it's not great, it's not Orange Island Book Shop.. Our time-tested audio strategy creates a rich consistency and quality of audio that you're sure to notice. Please enjoy the read and enjoy the...read more