Searching for: "Karolina Starin"

  • Caterina Amato

    The audioguide tells the story, describes the architecture and reports interesting facts about the triumphal arch of Constantine, in Rome, between the Colosseum and the Palatine, and was made by the founder of Constantinople. The three-hole arc was built in the years 312-315 to celebrate Constantine's victory over Massenzio, in the battle fought at Milvio bridge, but also the tenth anniversary of the Emperor's government. The arch of Constantine is the latest of the three triumphal arches surviving in Rome. To decorate it, new bas-reliefs were created, but mostly decorative burial elements were used, drawn from older monuments, probably destroyed by the fires of 283 and 307 AD. The Arch...read more

  • Paola Stirati

    The audioguide tells the story, describes the architecture and reports interesting facts about the cathedral. The island of Torcello, populated since Roman times, sheltered the population from the mainland, during the Gothic invasion period. During the VI century, Byzantium reconquered much of the Italian territory, and then began the period of maximum splendor of the lagoon of Venice and of the island of Torcello. The basilica of Santa Maria Assunta was built in 639, by order of the archbishop of Ravenna Isacio. In the years 864-867, the building was expanded and in the years 1008-1047 it was partially rebuilt, at the request of Bishop Orso Orseolo, son of Doge Pietro. It was probably...read more

  • Alessio Tremiti

    The audioguide tells the story, describes the architecture and presents interesting facts about the basilica of the Saints Felice and Fortunato, a paleo-Christian monument of history that is rooted in the ancient history of the Roman Empire. Much evidence of the Roman presence was found in the territory of the church, during various excavations. Some of these finds are kept in the Civic Museum of Vicenza and the other in the Basilica Museum. Among the most significant finds are the Petronio Stele with an inscription and unbisselion (two-person seat) and a priestly and masterly scroll. Another curious find is the sacred altar of Venus, found in the masonry of the martyrion of the basilica....read more

  • Paola Stirati

    If you would like to hear about the extremely rich history of Venice, and you find it hard to imagine the influence, Venice underwent and absorbed for centuries, you can just listen to our audioguide, about the magnificent Saint Mark's Basilica - the symbol of the people and culture. The audioguide describes the unique history of Saint Mark's Basilica, made evident by the architecture and decorations, with elements of different styles. You can examine the 3D model of the church and observe its interior through the MuByz App. The audioguide has been made by professionals in the field of history and...read more

  • Caterina Amato

    The audioguide tells the story, describes the architecture and reports interesting facts about the basilica of St. Nicholas, widely known especially because it preserves the remains of the Saint Nicholas. Bari has been known since Roman times. It was dominated by the Byzantine and longobards, in the 9th century and by the Greeks and Arabs, then it became the capital of Longobardia and in the X century it was the residence of the Catapan, Byzantine governor. Although the city was conquered by the Normans, in 1071 it retained its Byzantine cultural heritage and the local clergy remained Byzantine. The basilica is full of unique Byzantine bas-reliefs. In the gallery Byzantine capitals with...read more

  • Caterina Amato

    The vocal beauty of this church has been heard through the centuries and also through the descriptions of the many travelers who visited these places, which represented one of the stages of the Grand Tour (an integral part of the aristocratic education in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries). The history of the settlement dates back to the time of ancient Greece. The Greeks called this city Skylletion (references to it were already made in 6th century BC), while in Roman times it was called Schilacium or Scolacium. Old authors, such as Strabone and Pliny, attributed the foundation of the Greek city to Menestown, who landed on these lands, during the Trojan War. According to another...read more

  • Paola Stirati

    The audioguide tells the story, describes the architecture and presents interesting facts about the cathedral of Cefalù, recognized as a UNESCO heritage site. From the first mention of Cefalù we know it was an ancient seaside village, located on the west coast of Sicily. The place name derives from the Greek word thatfalè, which means head, as the fortress, on whose slopes the city rises, has this form. The protagonists of the city's history were the Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Byzantines and Normans. Thanks to the Normans of the Altavilla dynasty, present here since the 12th century, and the Byzantine masters, the most representative cathedral in the region, dedicated to the Savior, was...read more

  • Paola Stirati

    The audioguide tells the story, describes the architecture and reports interesting facts about Monreale Cathedral. The church was founded by the Norman King William II, the Good, and was dedicated to the Madonna. According to legend, in 1174, while hunting, the sovereign saw a woman pointing to the place where her father's treasures were hidden. Following their discovery, William decided to build a church, in honor of the Virgin, which, together with the archbishop's palace and the monastery, were completed in less than ten years, probably by architects and Byzantine theologians. The mosaic iconography of the cathedral is the most attractive element: thousands of square mosaics, an...read more

  • Paola Stirati

    The audio guide tells the story, describes the architecture and reports interesting facts about the church. In 1072, Norman Dukes conquered Palermo and, in Sicily, began an era in which the Byzantine culture, the knowledge of the Arabs and the expressiveness of the Normans fused, creating an extraordinary unity. The symbol of this synthesis is the church of Santa Maria dell'Amiraglio, better known as "la Martorana". It was made according to the will of the Syrian Admiral of King Ruggero II, George of Antioch. The word "admiral", the name given to the church, refers to the profession of its founder. In 1221, the church was patronized by the pope, who guaranteed the church's right of Greek...read more

  • Caterina Amato

    The audioguide tells the story, describes architecture and reports interesting facts about the basilica of Santa Maria in Domnica, located in Rome, on the summit of Monte Celio. The church is also known as "Santa Maria alla Navicella", because of the ship-shaped sculpture, from the Roman era, located in the piazzetta, in front of the church. Today, this sculpture has been transformed into a fountain. According to the legend, the ship-shaped sculpture was a votive for Isis, the protector of sailors, offered by Egyptian sailors who had come to Rome. It was found near the Colosseum. Particular attention is paid to the decoration of the central apse. They lively colors are striking,...read more

  • Caterina Amato

    The audioguide tells the story, describes the architecture and reports interesting facts about the church. In the city of Amendolara there are 7 Byzantine churches and another, also made in the same style, but in a later era. In the immediate vicinity of the city, there are caves that were once inhabited by hermits, which allow us to establish the tenth century as a period of settlement for the city. The church of Santa Maria is located in the historic center. It is a single nave church, a type of construction, dating to the 11th century. It is most likely that it was built on the remains of an older Greek church, which in turn was built on the ruins of a pagan temple. The place on which...read more

  • Tatiana Volodina

    The audioguide tells the story, describes architecture and reports interesting facts about the Church of San Teodoro Stratilate on the Stream, founded in 1360. This church represents a radical change in the architecture of Novgorod, its true masterpiece, which then became a classic model for architects for more than a century. The frescoes of the church of San Teodoro Stratilate represent one of the manifestations of Byzantine art, expressing the mystical mood of the monastic environment. The frescoes of the church were made between 1378 and 1396. Their contractor is unknown. The author of this unique pictorial complex is unknown, but some signs, such as the precision with which Greek...read more

  • Tatiana Volodina

    The audioguide tells the story, describes the architecture and reports interesting facts about the church of the Transfiguration on Elia Street, one of Novgorod's most significant monuments, directly and definitely linked to the Byzantine culture of the Paleologist era. In the III Novgorod Chronicle, of the end of the 17th century, it is said that "in the summer of 6886 (1378) the church of our Lord God and Our Savior Jesus Christ was frescoed in the name of the Holy Transfiguration, by order of the noble boiaro devotee to the Lord, Vasilij Danilovi?, and the community of via Elia. The fresco was created by the Greek master Theophane ... ". The first mention of the Church of the...read more

  • Caterina Amato

    The audioguide tells the story, describes architecture and reports interesting facts about the mausoleum of Santa Costanza, the daughter of the founder of Constantinopol, which is one of the main examples of late-ancient architecture among Roman monuments. This building was built and dedicated to the daughter of Constantine the Great, the Byzantine emperor who founded Constantinople. Most researchers believe it dates back to the years 337-350, when Constantine lived in Rome. The church we see today (Sant'Agnese outside the walls) is not the original church of Sant'Agnese, but a reconstruction, from the seventh century, when Pope Onorio I decided to erect a new construction on the ruins of...read more

  • Tatiana Volodina

    The audioguide tells the story, describes the architecture and reports interesting facts about the church of Dormition, founded in 1352. The church of the Dormition was originally monasterial. Towards the end of the 17th century, the monastery began to depopulate. In 1764, it lost its status and the church became a parish. The renovations made during the years were not stateradical, the original architectural forms were cut off with extreme accuracy and the frescoes were almost entirely preserved. By the summer of 1941, restoration works had reached perfection, but the war blocked the works. The church, finding itself on the frontline was exposed to bombing and enemy fire. After the war,...read more

  • Sergey Ivanov

    The audioguide tells the story, describes the architecture and reports interesting facts about the basilica of Santa Sofia, Divina Sapienza, the largest Byzantine monument. For 916 years, the basilica was Christian, while for the last 481 it was Muslim. In 1934, it became a museum. For 900 years, until the construction of the famous Duomo of Florence, in 1436, it had no equal in terms of the height of its interior. On the right side of the exonartece there is a sarcophagus, in the green marble of Thessaloniki, the last resting place of the Empress Irene, wife of John II. On his right, hanging from the wall, is a copy of the religious edifice emanated by Manuele Comneno, in 1166. Initially,...read more

  • Alessio Tremiti

    The audioguide tells the story, describes the architecture and reports interesting facts about the oratory. Rossano is one of the most important cities of Calabria, under Byzantine rule, and here one of the most significant monuments of that time has been preserved: the Oratorio di San Marco, founded roughly in the X-XI century. During the restoration, fragments of admirable sculptures and frescoes of the Byzantine period emerged: a Madonna with Child, which was to be part of a much wider representation, perhaps throughout the church, as is usually found in the iconographic plans of the post iconoclastic Byzantine churches of age. The peculiar element of the architecture of San Marco's...read more

  • Paola Stirati

    The audioguide tells the story, describes the architecture and reports interesting facts about the basilica. Saint John the Evangelist preached in this place. Tradition tells us that John, the apostle of Jesus, was placed in a cauldron of boiling oil, but came out miraculously uninjured and safe. The basilica was built on the remains of an ancient temple, dedicated to the cult of Diana, during the period of the pontificate of Gelasio I, roughly between 492 and 496. Some masonry fragments found near the apse would seem to confirm the birth of the basilica in the fifth century. To confirm this theory there are some tiles of the old roof, bearing the mark of King Theodoric the Great...read more

  • Tatiana Volodina

    The audioguide tells the story, describes the architecture, and reports interesting facts about the Hagia Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod, one of the oldest Russian churches. According to Novgorod's first chronicle, it was erected in the years 1045 - 1050 "on the order of Prince Jaroslav, his son Vladimir and Archbishop Luca." Prior to its construction there were no stone buildings in Novgorod. Byzantine Masters from Kiev, who had close ties to the Byzantine Empire, were invited. The Hagia Sophia cathedral has a complex structure. Once adopted as a model, the Byzantine church system with a Greek cross-shaped church was surmounted by a dome. The church was adapted to the requirements of the...read more

  • Paola Stirati

    Consigned to history, thanks to the famous defeat Emperor Ottone II's troops suffered, at the hands of the Arabs, in 982, the city of Stilo, whose name derives from the Greek "stulos" (column), has its origins in Caulonia, an ancient Greek colony, founded in the 8th century. B.C. and destroyed in 389 AD by Dionisio I, the old tyrant of Syracuse. For a short time, between the 8th and the 10th century, this part of Calabria welcomed a true community of hermits, who had emigrated from the East. This community became the protagonist of unprecedented spiritual renewal and was so closely integrated with the local population that it became a center for spreading agricultural technologies: thanks...read more